Many have heard of Creative Commons and all their new types of licensing, however, this is just the tip of the iceberg in copyrights, or in the copyleft movement…. So let’s start to understand what the goal or trend is. The next quoted words have some rights reserved while they are not mine.
“Creative Commons provides free tools that let authors, scientists, artists, and educators easily mark their creative work with the freedoms they want it to carry. You can use CC to change your copyright terms from “All Rights Reserved” to “Some Rights Reserved.”
So, I will not speak in complicated terms, while CC is nothing else but a simple tool to share content online. We are talking about a non profit organisation based in California and founded in 2001 by Lawrence Lessig, Hal Abelson, and Eric Eldred. So what they do is base their licenses on copyrights without substituting them. If you remember my recent post from the copyleft movement, now we can see clearly acknowledge that CC is contributing to building a richer public domain. And beyond that ,it has provided “institutional, practical and legal support for individuals and groups wishing to experiment and communicate with culture more freely” according to David Berry in 2005 in Free software magazine.
There for characteristics to the licenses: Attribution (BY), requiring attribution to the original author; Share Alike (SA), allowing derivative works under the same or a similar license (later or jurisdiction version); Non-Commercial (NC), requiring the work is not used for commercial purposes; and No Derivative Works (ND), allowing only the original work, without derivatives. By making combinations, you get the types of licenses CC offers, here’s a list of them:
- Attribution (CC BY)
- Attribution Share Alike (CC BY-SA)
- Attribution No Derivatives (CC BY-ND)
- Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC)
- Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA)
- Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives (CC BY-NC-ND)
For technical information visit their website or other trustworthy sources.
So getting more to the point of this blog, Creative Commons has initiated an obliged trend to make sharing content easier to understand and follow. The licenses for next year 2013 are expected to be different, having the licences be easier to understand, more flexible, and more international. And it’s about time, as we have been using the current version for five years. Many things has happened since then.
Apart from making the rules for using CC-licensed content more clear, the international regulation is what is driving everyone crazy, according to Kirsten Winkler. “The Internet is international, but standard copyright law varies from country to country”. This is the trend fro 2013, but also the need which has been development as the amount of users sharing and using others’ content. It’s a mess!